Minas Gerais is located in the southeast of Brazil, region of greater development and larger consumer market of the country.
It borders the states of São Paulo (southeast and south), Rio de Janeiro (southwest), Espírito Santo (east), Bahia (northeast and north), Goiás (northwest), Distrito Federal/Brasília (northwest), Mato Grosso do Sul (west).
The access by the Atlantic Ocean is made through the states of Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Even without connection to the ocean, its location stands out by representing a link between the Southeast, the Northeast and the Midwest of Brazil: an important factor for great businesses.
Minas Gerais has the largest railroad network in Brazil with 269,546 km, about 15 % of the national total. Out of this total 28,000 km are paved. Some of the major highways in Minas Gerais are:
Fernão Dias Highway(BR 381):
The main highway of Minas Gerais, Fernão Dias, counts on 562 km fully duplicated and connects the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte and São Paulo, being one of the most important axes of cargo transport in Brazil. In addition, Fernão Dias Highway cross the South of Minas Gerais, the world´s main coffee producer and it has important manufacturing parks in municipalities such Lavras, Varginha, Três Corações, Pouso Alegre e Extrema.
The highway is managed by Autopista Fernão Dias, an Arteris Group company, which is one of the largest companies in the sector of road concessions in Brazil, managed more than 3,200 km of highways throughout the country.
Highway 040 (BR-040) – Rio de Janeiro – Belo Horizonte – Brasília:
With 1,148 km, being 716 km in the territory of the State of Minas Gerais, this important national highway runs through the regions of Zona da Mata, Campo das Vertentes, Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte and the Northwest of Minas Gerais.
This highway is also extremely important for Minas Gerais’ economy because it crosses major agricultural and industrial hubs, in addition to mineral extraction areas and serve as the main route of access to the Historical Cities of the State.
BR-040 is managed by 2 private companies: The Via 040, responsible for managing 93,8 km between Brasília (DF) and Juíz de Fora (MG) and by Road Concession Company Juíz de Fora-Rio (Concer) in which administrates 180,4 km of the highway in the path between Juíz de Fora (MG) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ).
Highway 116 Rio-Bahia (BR-116):
This is the main national highway as it connects the regions Northeast to the Southeast and the South of the country. In Minas Gerais’ territory it crosses Zona da Mata and the Rio Doce Valley, Mucuri and Jequitinhonha, working as the main corridor from the east and northeast of the state.
Highway 262 (BR 262):
It connects the docking complex of Espírito Santo to the Midwest region of the country´s main producing area of grains. In Minas Gerais, the highway 262 crosses the Rio Doces’ valley region Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Midwest of Minas Gerais, Alto Paranaíba and Triângulo.
Highway 050 (MG-050):
State highway with a total length of 406.7 km and cuts-off the southwest of Minas Gerais to connect the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte to São Sebastião do Paraíso which borders the state of São Paulo. This highway is managed by Nascente das Gerais Concessionaire.
There are 30,000 km of railroad in Brazil, and Minas Gerais has the second largest network of the country. Minas Gerais’s railroads are managed by MRS Logística SA, Ferrovia Centro –Atlântica e Vale S/A.
Belo Horizonte International Airport is located in the municipality of Confins, 30 km from Belo Horizonte City Center. It is Minas Gerais’ most important airport. Operated by BH Airport Concessionaire, the new airport has capacity for more than 20 million passengers a year.
Belo Horizonte also counts on Carlos Prates and Pampulha Airport. The airport infrastructure of Minas Gerais also has 70 paved smaller-sized airports. At the state’s countryside, the cities Montes Claros, Uberlândia, Uberada, Araxá, Patos de Minas, Poços de Caldas, Varginha, Alfenas, Juíz de Fora, Ipatinga, Governador Valadares e Diamantina also have airports with regular lines of air transport.
Minas Gerais has a highly qualified workforce and stands out due to its excellence in a range of knowledge fields. Quality that is also pursued by private institutions, some of them are ranked among the best of Brazil. Minas Gerais also counts on international schools that follow the American, Italian, Spanish or Canadian syllabus and schedule.
The Federations of Agriculture, Trade, Industry and Transport maintain schools and technology centers for training and education of specialized and highly qualified workforce. In addition to these important institutions, Minas Gerais has a wide network of public and private technical schools.
It stands out the federal school CEFET – Federal Center for Technological Education, The State Foundation for the work (UTRAMIG) and many other federal institutions for Education, Science and Technology spread around the state.
A strong educational context contributes to Minas Gerais attraction force of important cutting edge technology projects
Minas Gerais is home to 400 high education schools, 14 of them are public universities – 12 federal state owned and 2 state owned institutions.
According to the latest General Index of Courses publication (IGC) by the Ministry of Education 3 out of the 10 of the best universities are in Minas Gerais : the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) – in Belo Horizonte, the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV) – in Zona da Mata region, and the Federal University of Lavra (UFL) , in the South of Minas Gerais.
Regarding management education for the public sector, It is also worth highlighting the role and quality assured by the Government School João Pinheiro Foundation (FJP) for business education in general Minas Gerais is home to FDC – Dom Cabral Foundation , ranked by Financial Times among the the world top ten best business schools.
Minas Gerais has a huge network of public health, with 663 general and specialized hospitals strategically distributed throughout the state. It also has the largest program of preventive health in Brazil with more than 4,000 health care teams which reach about 80% of the state population.
Minas Gerais has one of the most important integrated companies in the energy sector in Brazil, the Companhia Energética de Minas Gerais (Cemig).
Cemig is responsible for attending more than 11 million consumers in 774 municipalities and it is also the largest supplier of energy to clients in Latin America with around 510,000 km of extension. It also stands out in the segment of electric energy generation and ranks the third position among the largest energy generation companies. Cemig through its wholly-owned subsidiaries is responsible for the operation of 120 power plants with an installed capacity of 8.5 gigawatts.
Minas Gerais has important plans in progress in order to increase power generation capacity from renewable sources – in special, plans regarding solar and wind energy’s opportunities, as you can check in:
Gasmig is the exclusive distributor of piped natural gas in Minas Gerais State, through concession granted by the State Government and is a Cemig´s subsidiary. The company has been working constantly to be one of the three largest distributors of natural gas in the country and investing in the construction of underground systems distribution to significantly expand the services to residential and commercial costumers, especially in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Juiz de Fora and South of Minas Gerais.
Water and Sanitation
Minas Gerais has the Basic Sanitation Company of Minas Gerais (COPASA MG), one of the main companies in water supply services, sanitation and solid water in Brazil with a water supply network of 49,886 km (2015).
The telecommunications service was the first in Minas Gerais to be globalized. This important goal was achieved in 2008 when all municipalities of Minas Gerais could count on the benefits of this service. In addition to the main telephone operators in Brazil, Minas Gerais counts on the services of Cemig Telecom, a Cemig Group Company which offers solutions in optical fibers and connectivity to companies of a range of segments. www.cemigtelecom.com