Minas Gerais, Brazil, Location
The State of Minas Gerais is located in the southeastern region of Brazil, the region with the largest development and market in the country (more than 50% of the Brazilian GDP).
Minas Gerais shares a border with the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Goiás, Distrito Federal / Brasília and Mato Grosso do Sul. Its geographic position transforms Minas Gerais into a connecting corridor between the various regions of the country: catalyst aspect of good business.
Minas Gerais, Logistics
Highways and Railways
Minas Gerais has the largest road network in Brazil with 269,546 kilometers of highways, about 15% of the national total. Of this total, 28,000 km are paved.
Some of the main highways that cross Minas Gerais are:
Fernão Dias Highway (BR 381): Main highway in Minas Gerais, Fernão Dias is 562 kilometers long, totally duplicated and connects the metropolitan areas of Belo Horizonte and São Paulo, being one of the most important axes of cargo transportation in Brazil. This highway crosses the South of Minas Gerais, the main coffee producing region of the world, with important industrial parks in municipalities such as Lavras, Varginha, Três Corações, Pouso Alegre and Extrema.
The highway is managed by Autopista Fernão Dias, a company of Arteris Group.
BR-040 – Rio de Janeiro – Belo Horizonte – Brasília: 1,148 km long and 716 km long inside Minas Gerais territory, this important national highway crosses the regions of Zona da Mata, Campo das Verentes, Belo Horizonte and Northwest of Minas Gerais.
This highway is also very important for the local economy, as it crosses important industrial and agricultural centers, as well as areas of mineral extraction and serves as the main access road to the State’s Historical Cities.
BR-040 is managed by two private companies: Via 040, responsible for managing 936.8 kilometers between Brasília (DF) and Juiz de Fora (MG), and the Companhia de Concessão Rodoviária Juiz de Fora-Rio (Concer).that manages 180.4 kilometers of the highway, in the stretch between Juiz de Fora (MG) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ).
Rio-Bahia (BR 116): Important integrating national highway joining the Northeast to the Southeast and South of the Country. In the territory of Minas Gerais, it crosses Zona da Mata and the valleys of the rivers Doce, Mucuri and Jequitinhonha, being the main road corridor of the east and northeastern parts of the state.
BR 262: It connects the Espirito Santo port complex to the Central-West region of the country, Brazil’s main grain producing area. In Minas Gerais, BR 262 crosses the regions of Vale do Rio Doce, Belo Horizonte, Midwest of Minas, Alto Paranaíba and Triângulo.
MG-050: State highway with a total extension of 406.7 kilometers crossing the Southwest of Minas Gerais connecting the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte to São Sebastião do Paraíso, a municipality near the border with the state of São Paulo. The highway is administered by Nascente das Gerais Concessionária.
BR-050: Important national highway that connects São Paulo to Brasilia (Federal District) and crosses the Triângulo Mineiro region in Uberaba and Uberlandia. Its total extension is 1,010 km, with 210 km in Minas Gerais, a double paved modern highway.
With regard to the railway network, Brazil has 30 thousand kilometers of railroads. In this context, Minas Gerais stands out for having the second most extensive network. The railways running through Minas Gerais are managed by MRS Logística S/A, Ferrovia Centro-Atlântica S.A. and Vale S/A.
Ports and Airports
Belo Horizonte International Airport
Belo Horizonte International Airport is the most important airport in Minas Gerais. Located in the municipality of Confins, 40 km far from the center of the capital, it is located within a radius of 200 km of the main tourist attractions of Minas Gerais, such as Ouro Preto, Mariana, Congonhas, São João Del Rei and Tiradentes.
It has a privileged location in relation to the main consumer centers of the country and strategically is located in the São Paulo-Rio de Janeiro-Belo Horizonte axis. Direct international flights ensure Minas Gerais air connectivity.
Operated by BH Airport Concessionaire, the new airport was expanded in 2016 and is now one of the two largest airports of the country with a capacity of over 20 million passengers per year.
Belo Horizonte also counts on Pampulha Airport, for regional flights and executive aviation.
Airports in Minas Gerais
In the countryside of the state, the cities of Montes Claros (North Region), Uberlândia, Uberaba, Araxá, Patos de Minas (Triângulo Mineiro Region), Poços de Caldas, Varginha, Pouso Alegre (South Region), Juiz de Fora, Ipatinga, Governador Valadares and Diamantina all have airports with regular air transport lines.
Ports (Internal Customs Structure)
Five land ports of entry (called “dry ports”) accelerate customs clearance procedures. They are located in the cities of Betim, Juiz de Fora, Uberaba, Uberlândia and Varginha, with private operation and significant volumes.
Minas is Connected To Maritime Ports
Minas Gerais’s logistics infrastructure passes through ports in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. In particular, the recent positioning of the Açu Port, a port-industry complex installed in the north of Rio de Janeiro, has the potential to becoming the logistics solution for the state of Minas Gerais
In operation since 2014, Açu Port is located in São João da Barra, in the north of the state of Rio de Janeiro, has a 90 km² port complex, based on the modern port-industry concept. Açu Port already hosts world leading companies in their sectors and, in the first half of 2017, reached two important milestones: it received more than a thousand vessels (the same number for all of 2016) and was the 4th private terminal in cargo exports, according to data from Antaq.
Strategically located, just 123 km from the center of the Campos Basin and close to Minas Gerais, Açu Pport has the potential to become the tool to optimize the logistics of local companies, both to export their production and to import inputs and resources.
“Açu is a private port and we will meet the specific needs of each customer to make their products more competitive. Our mission is to understand the specific demand of Minas Gerais and the existing cargoes to optimize the entire logistics process“ – Jose Magela, Prumo Logística, CEO.
“Among the activities that depend on an efficient port complex are steel, ornamental stones, vehicles, ores and coke. In our enterprise, they will be able to enjoy competitive, secure and integrated logistics solutions. “ – Fernando Schuffner, Prumo Logística, Commercial Director.
One of the solutions is Multicargas Terminal (T-MULT), in operation since 2016 and authorized to operate with solid bulk and project load. T-MULT already moves coke, coal and bauxite produced by Votorantim, in Miraí (MG), as well as other products. In addition, it is also competitive in other sectors of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte and the North of Minas Gerais, with emphasis on steel, ornamental rocks, vehicles and coke. The terminal has 500 meters of dock (with possibility of expansion to 1,200 meters), approximately 200,000 m2 of bonded area and 2 MHC cranes. 14.5 meters deep, which allows the terminal to receive Panamax ships, T-MULT may also be the best alternative for design load aimed at the O&G market.
Açu Port has two terminals: Terminal 1 (T1 – offshore terminal) and Terminal 2 (T2 – terminal onshore), as well as an area for the installation of business units in the maritime and industrial sectors.
In July, Açu Port signed a partnership agreement with the Port of Antwerp International (PAI) – a subsidiary of the Port Authority of Antwerp and the second largest port in Europe. The partnership brings together the experience of more than 200 years of PAI in the operation and development of a complex port-industry with the opportunities that Açu Port offers, such as being a private, operational port complex with a backwater available.
Photo: Porto do Açu / Credits: Prumo Logística
Minas Gerais has one of the most important integrated electricity companies in Brazil, Companhia Energética de Minas Gerais (CEMIG).
Cemig Distribuidora is responsible for serving more than 11 million consumers in 774 municipalities in Minas Gerais and is also responsible for the management of the largest electricity distribution network in Latin America, totalling approximately 510 thousand km of extension.
Cemig also stands out in the segment of electricity generation by occupying the third position among the largest Brazilian generators. Cemig, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, controlled and affiliated companies, owns 120 hydroelectric, thermoelectric and wind power plants, with an installed capacity of 8.5 GW.
The total installed capacity in Minas Gerais is around 16GW, about 11% of the total installed capacity in Brazil.
Renewable Energies In Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais has an ambitious project to increase the generation of energy from renewable sources, especially in solar and wind power opportunities, for which studies of their potential are available.
“Minas Gerais once again take the lead in the use of photovoltaic solar energy.” – Alexandre Bueno
This was already the case with solar thermal energy, which made Belo Horizonte the Brazilian capital of solar heating.
Studies presented in the 30th MG Energy Balance (2014) indicate that solar heating is responsible, in MG, for 13.7% of avoided consumption in the most commercial residential sectors. That is, if instead of the more than 4.3 million square meters of solar collectors we had only electric heating, the electricity consumption of the residential and commercial electric power sectors would be 13.7% higher in the State, and the total consumption of electric power in the state would be 4.8% higher. A significant contribution to energy efficiency.
In relation to photovoltaic solar energy, the State follows the same path; of the approximately 11,400 systems installed in the country (ANEEL, May 2017), 2,330 are in MG, which accounts for almost 20% of installed capacity in roof solar panels in Brazil. Then a question is asked: What is the reason for this differentiated performance?
Minas Gerais leading in distributed photovoltaic solar generation – Reasons?
- Culture of solar thermal energy use; Minas Gerais has the largest area of solar thermal collectors in the country;
- High levels of annual insolation, especially in the Central, North, Northwest, West, Southwest and Triangle regions;
- First State to grant ICMS exemption on self-produced energy; since 2013 the State has a policy of encouraging the use of solar energy (Law 20.849 and Decree 46.296, both from 2013), which provide for the Renewable Energy State Program and provides for the granting of tax incentives and differential tax treatment to renewable energy generators enterprises;
Foto: Mineirão / Créditos: Fernando Rabelo
Water and Sanitation
Minas Gerais counts on Companhia de Saneamento Básico de Minas Gerais (COPASA ) (Minas Gerais Basic Sanitation Company), a leading provider of water, sewage and solid waste treatment services in Brazil, with a water supply network of 49,886 km (2015).
Telecommunications service in Minas Gerais was the first to be universalized. This important goal was achieved in 2008 when all the municipalities of Minas Gerais started to rely on this service.
In addition to the main telephone operators in Brazil, Minas Gerais has the services of Cemig Telecom, a company of the Cemig Group, which offers solutions in optical fiber and connectivity for companies in different segments.
The distribution of piped natural gas in Minas Gerais is carried out by the Companhia de Gás de Minas Gerais (Gasmig) (Gas Company of Minas Gerais), which distributes around 4 million m3 / day.
Gasmig has been working to be one of the three largest natural gas distributors in the country and invested in the construction of underground distribution networks to significantly expand service to residential and commercial customers, especially in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, in Juiz de Fora and in the South of Minas.
In reference to hospitals in the State, most of which are located in the capital Belo Horizonte, it is possible to find clinical specialties and remarkable procedures, with certifications granted by international agencies. Local patients, from other states and even from outside the country, find centers of excellence in the capital to perform health care. João XXIII Hospital, which belongs to the Hospital Foundation of the State of Minas Gerais (Fhemig) is known nationally for the treatment of polytrauma patients and severe cases of poisoning and burns. Vila da Serra Hospital, a reference in neonatology, recently started to adopt robotic surgery, in partnership with Clínicas Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). For the care of patients with pathologies of medium and high complexity, Belo Horizonte counts on Clínicas Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais.
Unimed-BH, one of Brazil’s largest medical cooperatives with more than 1.2 million clients and 5,600 cooperative doctors. It maintains two emergency and urgency hospitals, a maternity ward, a pediatric hospital, a service unit and six outpatient units, as well as laboratories, mobile services and examination centers. Two investments, totaling R$ 172 million, are improving and expanding the existing service network.
The State of Minas Gerais has expanded its availability of treatments with the recently inaugurated Hospital Integrado do Câncer (HIC) (Integrated Hospital of Cancer) of the Mater Dei de Saúde network. The network pioneeringly uses an advanced system of identification and treatment of prostate cancer, supported by images that also evaluate metabolic alterations of the organism.
Another highlight is Biocor Institute, an international reference in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. As a general hospital it is recognized for the complex procedures of excellence and for the individual attention to patients.
In the countryside of the State, in Ipatinga, Vale do Aço Region, Márcio Cunha Hospital (HMC) stands out for its health superiority in the East of Minas Gerais. It was the first hospital in the country to be certified with the title Accredited with Excellence in 2003. With recent investments of R$ 25 million, made by its main supporter, the São Francisco Xavier Foundation, inaugurated the first unit of pediatric oncology in the region, among other initiatives. The hospital is now the fourth maternity hospital in Minas Gerais in terms of number of visits and births, with a normal delivery rate of 50.83%. The overall rate of infection is only 1.65%.
Many of these institutions stand out in the Program of Health Service Providers (Qualiss), of the National Agency of Supplementary Health (ANS), in which almost 90 health establishments are located in Minas Gerais.
In the area of public health and research, Ezequiel Dias Foundation (Funed), a model institution for the studies and production of medication and laboratorial analyzes of the aggravations of collective health, deserves to be registered. Official Laboratory of the State, it is part of the Association of Official Pharmaceutical Laboratories of Brazil (Alfob). Funed manufactures, exclusively in the country, thalidomide – a drug for the treatment of leprosy and potential for treatment of other diseases, such as cancer. It is the only public laboratory that supplies the C meningitis vaccine to the Ministry of Health. In Minas Gerais it maintains exclusivity in the production of anti-ofidic, anti-toxic and antiviral sera, which are available in public hospitals throughout the country.
Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte
With 110 years of existence, Funed also has a division of Epidemiology and Control of Diseases, responsible for the containment and diagnosis of various diseases. It acts as a national reference for the serology of Chagas disease and leishmaniosis and for the damages of meningitis, enteral diseases, diphtheria and pertussis for the states of Minas Gerais, Bahia, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. Regionally, it performs diagnoses of tuberculosis, STDs / AIDS, dengue fever, yellow fever, hepatitis, measles, spotted fever, among other diseases.
Main Hospitals: Biocor, Hospital das Clínicas, Hospital Felicio Rocho, MaterDei Hospital, Santa Rita Hospital, Vera Cruz Hospital, LifeCenter, Santa Casa de BH (metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte), Vila da Serra.
Santa Casa BH was awarded one of the 100 Best NGOs in Brazil in 2017, among the more than 300 thousand institutions registered in the country. This was the first edition of the #melhoresOngs (#bestngos’) list, which aims to recognize good management practices and transparency in the third sector and encourage the donation culture in Brazil. For the award, more than 1,500 competed and 150 were pre-selected by an executive committee, based on the performance presented.
Santa Casa BH serves 80% of the municipalities of Minas Gerais. It also serves 100% of the public health service (SUS). It performs more than 3,000 hospitalizations per month and around 150,000 examinations per month.
Minas Gerais has a highly qualified workforce, with levels of excellence in several areas of knowledge.
The State was a pioneer in the insertion of children in school at the age of six years, guaranteeing another year of elementary education in the public school system, which also provides high schooling.
Quality is also pursued by private institutions, some of which are considered the best in the country as well as international schools, which follow the American, Italian, Spanish and Canadian curricula.
The Agriculture, Trade, Industry and Transportation Federations maintain schools and technology centers for the training and specialization of high-level technical manpower. In addition to these important institutions, the State has a wide network of technical schools, with emphasis on the Federal Center of Technological Education of Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG), the Foundation of Education for Work (UTRAMIG) and several federal institutes in the areas of Education, Science and Technology.
Photo: PUC Minas / Credits: Fernando Rabelo
The State hosts 400 higher education institutions, of which 14 are public universities, 12 are federal and two state universities (UEMG and Unimontes). In the ranking prepared by the Ministry of Education, three of the 10 best universities evaluated are based in the State: Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) in Belo Horizonte, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV) in the Zona da Mata Region and Federal University of Lavras (UFL) in the south of the state. The Federal University of Ouro Preto (UFOP), Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Uberlândia (UFU), Itajubá (UNIFEI) and the Universidade do Triângulo Mineiro (Uberaba) also stand out.
Among private institutions of higher education, we highlight the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (PUC Minas), UNA University Center (Anima Group) and Pitágoras College (Kroton Group).
Minas Gerais is the Brazilian state that houses the largest number of federal universities.
About 680 thousand students enrolled (2015), 24% in federal institutions.
Best public universities (4 out of 10 best, 7 among the top 25)
In the scope of management training for the public sector, the School of Government of the João Pinheiro Foundation (FJP) deserves special mention and in the scope of training corporate managers, Dom Cabral Foundation (FDC), an institution that offers the best post-graduation courses of the country in Administration, elected by the Financial Times one of the 12 best business schools in the world and the first in Latin America.
Renowned cultural centers and language schools, such as Aliança Francesa, Cultura Inglesa, Instituto Cervantes complement the educational offers, with emphasis on specially developed Portuguese language courses for foreigners.