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Minas Gerais & Brasil
Support environment for business and investors in Minas Gerais
To do business in Minas Gerais you can count on:
Minas Gerais environmental landscape
Minas Gerais is a rich state in terms of biodiversity and natural resources, hosting in its territory three of the six biomes present in the Brazilian territory: Cerrado, Atlantic Forest and Caatinga, as well as transition areas. According to the Map of the Native Flora of the Minas Gerais Reforestation, in 2005, about 33.8% of the territory in Minas Gerais maintained native vegetation cover.
Minas Gerais has great water potential. According to SENAC data, approximately 4,586 km² of the approximately 55,457 km² of existing water in Brazil and around 8.3% of Brazilian rivers and lakes are located in the territory of Minas Gerais. All of this water potential is made up of 16 river basins, of which only the basins of the São Francisco and Paraná Rivers account for 67% of the territory of Minas Gerais.
It should also be noted that the State has a wide range of exploitable natural resources, especially based on the fact that Minas Gerais has the largest reforested area in the country, holding 2 million hectares in homogeneous forests.
In view of all this environmental wealth, the State of Minas Gerais has developed a modern State System of Environment and Water Resources (SISEMA), which is regulated by State Law #21,972 2016, responsible for environmental and water resources policies.
SISEMA comprises the State Secretariat for Environment and Sustainable Development (SEMAD), the State Environmental Policy Councils (COPAM) and Water Resources (CERH) and the related institutions: State Environmental Foundation (FEAM), State Forests Institute (IEF) and the State Institute of Water Management (IGAM).
he State Secretariat for Environment and Sustainable Development (SEMAD) is responsible for the coordination of SISEMA, with the mission of formulating and coordinating the state’s policy for the protection and conservation of the environment and for the management of water resources, and for coordinating resource management policies Sustainable development in the State of Minas Gerais.
Minas Gerais also has one of the most modern environmental laws in Brazil, which has undergone extensive updating, seeking to bring greater flexibility, de-bureaucratization and decentralization of the mineral environmental regularization system, especially with regard to state environmental licensing, taking into account the need for compatibility between Economic development and environmental protection.
The main examples of state environmental legislation are:
- State Law No. 21,972 / 2016, which provides for the State System of Environment and Water Resources and other measures. It should be noted that this Law is the standard that provides for the environmental licensing system in the State.
- State Decree No. 44.844 / 2008, which establishes standards for environmental licensing and environmental authorization of operation, typifies and classifies infractions according to the norms of protection of the environment and to water resources and establishes administrative procedures of inspection and application of penalties. It is the main standard that regulates the state environmental licensing.
- Normative Resolution COPAM No. 74, which establishes criteria for classification, according to size and potential pollution, of enterprises and activities that modify the environment, subject to authorization or environmental licensing at the state level, determines norms to indemnify the costs of analyzing requests for Authorization and environmental licensing, and makes other arrangements. It should be noted that this standard is being reviewed by COPAM.
- State Decree No. 46.937 / 2016, which enables some municipalities to perform the environmental licensing and environmental authorization processes.
- Normative Resolution COPAM No. 213/2017, which establish the typologies of undertakings and activities whose environmental licensing will be attributed to the Municipalities. In short, this rule regulates municipal environmental licensing in Minas Gerais.